On October 19, Chinese authorities released the full text of the Communist Party Central Committee's decision on rural reform. The decision calls for expanding the ability of Chinese farmers to transfer, lease, rent, or exchange their land-use rights, consistent with the predictions of earlier news reports.
The Decision Regarding Several Important Issues in Promoting Rural Reform sets out a broad set of goals for Party and government officials regarding rural reform. In addition to calling for liberalizing the market in land-use rights, other goals include:
Strengthening Party leadership over rural work. The decision emphasizes that local Party committees are to continue play the core role in guiding rural affairs.
- Addressing the rural-urban divide. The decision calls on officials to progressively work toward ensuring that migrant workers enjoy the same rights to education, health services, and other public services that established urban residents do.
- Improving rural governance. The decision calls on officials to steadily work to ensure equal per-person representation between rural and urban districts in local legislatures.
- Expanding rural health care.